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By : Toni Ervianto*)

STRATEGIC ASSESSMENT-The government is drafting a maritime economic baseline, a measure taken to determine how much the maritime sector contributes to the economy. The baseline, the first of its kind in the country, will be launched at the end of this year, according to the Office of the Coordinating Maritime Affairs Minister.

“We are creating a benchmark [to be used to boost the contribution of the maritime sector to the economy],” the assistant to the coordinating maritime affairs minister on maritime sovereignty, Arif Havas Oegroseno, told The Jakarta Post on Thursday. “Indonesia doesn’t have a definitive figure that can firmly state how much of our GDP [gross domestic product] comes from the maritime sector.” He said that the ministry was working together with the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) to make the baseline.

According to him, the baseline will provide a thorough analysis of the economic contribution of the maritime sector. “For example, is offshore exploration part of the maritime sector? What if we produce a war vessel that is purchased by Thailand? What about hotels at seashores, how do we categorize them? The analysis has to be very deep,” said Havas.

The benchmark will also take into account the salaries paid by the government to the Navy, drawing an example from the Netherlands. “We are learning from other countries that already have maritime economic baselines. In Europe, only the Netherlands and France have them. In the Netherlands, the salaries of the Navy are also calculated because they are paid from the state budget and thus everything that comes from the state budget to the maritime sector has to be taken into account,” Havas said.
The maritime economic baseline will be used to measure the progress the government made in developing the maritime sector in the archipelago, he said.

“Let’s say this year we pool the data and conclude that 25 percent of our economy is derived from the maritime sector. Do we want to push it next year to 26 or 27 percent?” said Havas.

The baseline is a part of a national maritime policy being developed by the government in a bid to transform the largest archipelagic country in the world into a strong maritime force and global maritime axis.

The policy would be issued in the form of a presidential regulation (Perpres) by the end of the first quarter, Havas said, adding that it would be the first national policy to involve all stakeholders, from the government to civil society.

There will be 10 points in the policy: maritime culture and identity, infrastructure and connectivity, maritime economy, ocean governance, maritime spatial policy, maritime environmental policy, maritime diplomacy, maritime defense, maritime education and research and technology.

As for maritime diplomacy, he said that Indonesia should take a leadership role in the global maritime industry. “It goes beyond developing maritime partnerships. We have to find our niche that could make Indonesia become a leader,” said Havas.

Earlier, National Development Planning Board (Bappenas) assistant for environment and natural resources, Endah Murniningtyas, said that the agency would ensure that the policy would be integrated into its development planning. “The policy is crucial, which is why there will be a Perpres on it. But how will it be implemented?” she told the Jakarta Post.
Strengthening A Maritime Economic

President Joko Widodo has planed to build 24 harbor as one of way to support a maritime economic. In order to build maritime economic, the Indonesia’s government has planed to bild sea toll.

The development of 24 harbor will be held in Banda Aceh, Belawan, Kuala Tanjung, Dumai, Batam, Padang, Pangkal Pinang, Panjang Harbor in Lampung, Tanjung Priok, Cilacap, Tanjung Perak, Lombok, Kupang, Pontianak, Palangkaraya, Banjarmasin, Maloy, Makassar, Bitung, Halmahera, Ambon, Sorong, Merauke and Jayapura. The goverment will be prepared six main harbor in Belawan, Tanjung Priok, Tanjung Perak, Makassar, and Sorong which could be landed with large ships weighs 3,000 to 10 thousand tons.

One of purposes from the sea toll is reducing logistic cost, because one is reached 25% from domestic product brutto. The competitiveness of Indonesia’s infrastructure at 61 level in the world comparing with Malaysia at 29, Thailand (47) dan Singapore (2).

Some of the physical constraints had experienced a number of ports include ports that require expansion is still hampered by land acquisition, lack of infrastructure support such as a pilot station, a lack of container cranes, lack of electrical power, the depth of the port is inadequate, the lack of radio operators and dock kademeter vague.

Even the lack of lighting facilities in and out of the harbor, has made around the port location to be the location of criminal groups and people are not held accountable.
Strengthening a maritime economic is a good policy because indonesia’s sea is strategically from economic and maritime side because Asia Pasific region has contributed 37% from world trade totall.

Globally, it has approxiamately 350 million of jobs could be created it. To be our challengers are the lack of infrastructure, the existance of maritime transnational crimes, maritime borders dispute and last but not least is the existance of fear some countries if Indonesia became the strongest maritime country in Asia Pacific which is feared could interfere with their national security.

To minimilize those fear, the sophistication of the apparatus of our maritime diplomacy to explain to them is required.

What should we do ? We must strenght cooperation such as billateral cooperation, regional and multinational to minimilize maritime crimes; maximalizing our sea potential power to boost our national economic revenue; supporting the government to integrate maritime knowledge at basic education to university level; supporting our government to formulate Indonesia’s cultural strategy as maritime nation; reformulating national development policy with the core business at sea, fishermen and coastal communities; fulfillment of legal guarantees, protection, and safety for Indonesia’s fishermen and maximizing the development of the front of Indonesia’s islands and establish a system of space marine socio-economic justice.

*) The writer is an economic and politic observer. Master graduate from the University of Indonesia (UI)