THREAT AND VULNERABILITY DURING GENERAL ELECTION

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STRATEGIC ASSESSMENT. Jakarta. The Indonesian election supervisory agency (Bawaslu) published its latest report on Indonesian regions that are prone to dispute during the 2019 general elections. They claim that 16 provinces are classified under this category.

Bawaslu Commissioner Muhammad Afifuddin said that these provinces score above the average high-risk index at 49.63 percent.

“Stakeholders must continue their efforts to prevent clashes from sparking during the election on April 17, 2019,” said Afifuddin in a written statement on Tuesday, April 9.

The high-risk provinces Bawaslu refers to include; Papua that scored 55.08, Aceh (50.27), West Sumatra (51.72), Riau Islands (50.12), Jambi (50.17), Bengkulu (50.37), Banten (51.25), and West Java (52.11).

Other regions also scoring over the average are; Central Java (51.14), Yogyakarta (52.67), North Kalimantan (50.52), East Kalimantan (49.69), East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) (50.76), North Sulawesi (49.64), Central Sulawesi (49.76), and South Sulawesi (50.84).

According to the Bawaslu Commissioner, the main issue that might spark conflict in the provinces mentioned above is the right to vote (https://en.tempo.co/read/1193892/bawaslu-16-provinces-at-high-risk-ahead-of-indonesia-election).

Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) invites all Muslims in the country to use their voting right on April 17. The statement came ahead of election which will be held simultaneously, to choose House of Representatives (DPR), Regional Representative Council (DPD), and Regional Legislative Council (DPRD) members, also president and vice president.

MUI deputy chairman Zainut Tauhid Sa’adi said by giving their votes, people will give their mandates to those who are elected to express their aspirations and hopes. The institution considered it is necessary to convey the statement related to election to all Muslims and all components in Indonesia.

“We encourage Indonesian Muslims to use their voting rights with full awareness and responsibility to choose leaders (nashbul imam) according to their conscience,” Zainut said on Tuesday.

Zainut ask Muslims to choose leaders who are faithful and pious, honest (siddiq), trustworthy, active, and aspirational (tabligh), have the ability (fathanah), and fight for the interests of Muslims. MUI also urged Muslims and all the community, also institutions to actively participate in maintaining conducive, orderly and safe situations and conditions during 2019 election, until the result announcement.

Zainut said all the alleged violations during election must be reported directly to authorities. He also reminded that 2019 election is a part of state agenda in order to choose and uphold leadership in Indonesia.

Election must be held with full of responsibility and joy to elect leaders in egislative and executive institutions. As well as the momentum of collective efforts to improve the life of the nation in order to safeguard religious values and prosperity of humanity (hirasat ad-din wa siyasat ad-dun-ya).

“Because the election result is very important in the state and national life, also will determine the direction of the nation’s journey, the development and administration of the country for the next five years,” Zainut explained (https://en.republika.co.id/berita/en/national-politics/ppp1se366/mui-invites-muslims-to-cast-voting-right).

Meanwhile political observer Stefi Vellanueva Farrah said 2019 general election in Indonesia has several seriously problems which could be triggered being threat and vulnerability during election.

“I think Bawaslu’s vulnerability index has clearly explained that, and those information has needed for TNI, National Police and State Intelligence Agency (BIN) to anticipate in order to 2019 general election will smoothly and peacefully run,” Stefi explained in Ambon, Molluccas Provinces.

Furthermore, Stefi has uttered that Muslim communities must take political participation on general election with using their rights to vote at the ballot box on April 17, 2019. “To be abstainer group does not lucrative for Muslim communities and other communities because their votes could be changed future Indonesia’s situation, if they make a right decision before to vote,” said beauty women who worked as researcher (Red).


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